Therefore, carbon has three isotopes, which are specified as carbon-12, carbon-13 and carbon-14 (figure 1). Comparison of stable and unstable atoms of the element carbon.
They have six protons in their nuclei and six electrons orbiting their nuclei, which gives carbon its chemical properties.
For decades, the biologists have boldly proclaimed that, whereas we cannot observe today one type of creature evolving into a totally different type of creature, “Time is the hero of the plot. No one even bothers to ask what assumptions drive the conclusions.
So let’s take a closer look at these methods and see how reliable they really are.
Most people today think that geologists have proven the earth and its rocks to be billions of years old by their use of the radioactive dating methods. Given so much time, the ‘impossible’ becomes possible, the possible probable, and the probable virtually certain.
Ages of many millions of years for rocks and fossils are glibly presented as fact in many textbooks, the popular media, and museums. One has only to wait: time itself performs the miracles.”1 Yet few people seem to know how these radiometric dating methods work.
Most often, this is a rock body, or unit, which has formed from the cooling of molten rock material (called magma).
(These are the moving particles which constitute the radioactivity measured by Geiger counters and the like.) The end result is stable atoms, but of a numbers of protons and electrons.
This process of changing the isotope of one element (designated as the parent) into the isotope of another element (referred to as the daughter) is called radioactive decay.
Thus it appears that God probably created those elements when He made the original earth.
Geologists must first choose a suitable rock unit for dating.
However, it is the interpretation of these chemical analyses of the parent and daughter isotopes that raises potential problems with these radioactive dating methods.